Bich Dong Pagoda Ninh Binh was built by the collective and missionary works of 2 Buddhist monks. They are Tri Kien and Tri The. Also, all three pagodas of Bich Dong have wooden architecture due to the architectural style of the time at the end of Le Dynasty and in the beginning of Nguyen Dynasty. Also, they were arranged according to ascending order on the position of Bich Dong Mountain like a Chinese letter: “Tam”. Ha Pagoda (Lower Pagoda) is at the foot of the mountain, Trung Pagoda (Middle Pagoda) is on a mountainside and Thuong pagoda (Upper Pagoda) is on top of the mountain. All 3 pagodas’ s backs lean against the mountain.
Design of Bich Dong Pagoda Ninh Binh
Ha Pagoda has the floor plan of a Chinese word: “Dinh” (工). The roof of pagoda has 2 storeys and 8 roofs. The eaves of the pagoda is very broad and constructed by 6 stone steps. On the eave of the pagoda, there is a Chinese sentence:”Gia lam than hoang bao dien Nam thien to” meaning that this place is worshipping the ancestors of Vietnam. In term of hierarchical altars, there are four rows of Buddhist statues. The statues of Tam The (Past, Present and Future Buddha) in the first row, the statues of Di Da Tam Ton in the second row, the statue of Bodhisattva Kwan Yin with a thousand eyes and thousand hands in the third row. In addition, the statue of Thich Ca So Sinh (Baby Buddha) in the forth row.
Leaving Ha Pagoda for Trung Pagoda, arriving at front-yard of Trung pagoda, the most impressive feature is the picture of the Chinese letters “Bich Dong”. Next, Trung pagoda heads west wards, and has floor plan of a Chinese word: “Dinh”. The roof of pagoda has 2 stories, the upper temple has 3 rooms, and the forecourt has 3 rooms. Bich Dong Pagoda Ninh Binh
To reach Thuong pagoda is upper pagoda. Then, tourists have to get through the Dark Cave or Blue Cave and climb up 40 stone steps on the mountain side. For a long way up to the top of Bich Dong pagoda, tourists will be able to enjoy panoramic view of dramatic limestone ridges, dotted hamlets and a particularly refreshing moment.
The pagoda has 2 rooms in a vertical house-style, the outer room has a forecourt with a stone alter. Also, there is a special statue of Bodhisattva in the inner room as Bodhisattva. It sits on top of the mountain, not on Buddha’s throne, her hands make gestures like preaching. Artisans wanted to represent her image of preaching on the top of the mountain. Bich Dong Pagoda Ninh Binh
Due to its charming landscape and unique value of Buddhism, there are many pilgrims coming to Bich Dong now.
In conclusion, you can find tour to this place such as Hoa Lu Tam Coc Ninh Binh day tour
Or you may also combine with Halong bay tours from Hai Phong